Creative mindset vital for sustainable arable growth

Third generation Cust farmer Roscoe Taggart believes that continuous innovation is vital for sustainable arable farming.

Roscoe’s 732-hectare farm grew over the decades as his grandfather and father expanded the original block. The biggest decision the family had to make was whether to convert to dairy or stick with cropping when the Waimakariri Irrigation (WIL) scheme was introduced in the late 1990s.

“Almost everyone around here converted to dairy, but we decided to continue as an arable farm with some sheep and beef finishing and to intensify our operation which made sense as we had more water available. Our plan changed from constant expansion to intensification which has opened up different doors.”

Cust farmer Roscoe Taggart checks his newly planted wheat crop with his dogs Pip, Sass and Rose.

Over the last few years, 28-year-old Roscoe has refined the farming operation to focus on a niche range of crops and contracts.

“In the beginning we said yes to every contract and grew a wide range of crops. We still have wheat and barley as our core crops along with perennial rye grass seed and a couple of clover paddocks.

“It’s important to focus on your core goals, rather than spreading yourself too thin.”

Roscoe is a keen advocate for precision agriculture and says this type of technology has really lifted the bar in terms of efficiency and environmental benefits.

“Back in the day you had a basic tractor and had to rely on operator skill. Our new tractor has GPS and autosteer which takes luck out of the equation.

“We’ve also signed up for a new fertiliser spreader which has cameras to view the fertiliser being spread and adjusts automatically for wind.

“It’s important to be as precise as possible and we want to be at the front of the pack when it comes to technology. It’s better for the environment and saves us money when we use less fertiliser.

Proposed reductions for nitrate levels are concerning for Roscoe as while he believes everyone needs to take action, he is concerned about economic impacts.

“We’re a larger operation so we can afford to invest in technology, but some farmers may not be able to, so I think we need a balanced approach. We all know that we need to make reductions, but how we go about it is the key.”

Collaboration is important to Roscoe and he enjoys bringing people to discuss issues and opportunities. He is the arable chairperson for the North Canterbury branch of Federated Farmers and a member of the Next Generation Farmer group (NGF).

“We only have a few arable farmers in North Canterbury but working together is the key to a sustainable future. NGF doesn’t just represent the next generation of farmers, but all farmers. The aim is to be a port of call for the zone committee and Environment Canterbury. We want to be part of the process.”

Looking ahead to the future, Roscoe is already thinking of new ways to diversify and add value to his farming operation.

“We could plant around the irrigation ponds and add some high-end batches with views to the Cust River. I think more tourists are looking for that kind of local experience where you get to interact really closely with nature.”

While diversification is important, the ultimate long-term goal for Roscoe is to leave the land in excellent condition for future generations to enjoy.

“We want to leave the land in better condition than when we found it.”